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Information International rules and organization Incoterms 2000 [iNKOTERMS 2000] The term D

The term "D" - Incoterms

DES | DAF | DEQ | DDU | DDP

"D" - The terms are different in nature from the "C" - terms, since in accordance with the "D" - terms the seller is responsible for the arrival of the goods at the agreed place or point of destination at the border or in the country of import. The seller must bear all risks and costs of delivering the goods to that place.
Thus, "D" - terms signify arrival contracts, while the "C" - terms speak of shipment contracts.
In accordance with the "D" - the terms, except for DDP, The seller is not obliged to deliver the goods cleared for import in the country of destination.
Traditionally, in accordance with the term DEQ the seller was obliged to clear the goods, because the goods had to be landed on the quay and thus were brought into the country of import. However, due to changes in customs clearance procedures in most countries it is now more appropriate that the party domiciled in the country concerned undertakes the clearance and pays the duties and other charges. Thus, the change in term DEQ was made for the same reason that the variation in the term FAS, Which was mentioned earlier. As in the term FAS, Change in expression DEQ It marked with capital letters in the preamble.

In many countries trade terms not included in the Incoterms, Mainly used in railway traffic ( "franco border"). However, under these conditions it is normally not intended that the seller assumes the risk of loss or damage to the goods during transport to the border. In these circumstances it would be preferable to use the term CPT indicating the border. On the other hand, if the parties intend that the seller should bear the risk during transport, you should use the term DAF indicating the border.
Term DDU It was added in version Incoterms of 1990 years. The term fulfills an important function whenever the seller is prepared to deliver the goods in the country of destination without clearing the goods for import and paying the duty. In countries where import clearance may be difficult and take a long time, the seller may be risky to assume the obligation to deliver the goods beyond the customs clearance point. While in accordance with Articles B.5. and B.6. the term DDU the buyer has to bear the additional risks and costs which might follow from his failure to fulfill their obligations to clear the goods for import, the seller is advised not to use the term DDU in countries where difficulties might be expected when clearing goods for import.