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certification Quarantine phytosanitary control Glossary - phytosanitary terms

Definitions and Abbreviations of phytosanitary terms

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Analysis

Official visual inspection is not conducted in order to identify harmful organisms or their identification [FAO, 1990]

Pest risk analysis

The process of evaluating biological or other scientific and economic evidence to determine the need to regulate the pest and strictness phytosanitary measures against it [FAO, 1990; revised IPPC, 1997]

PRA

Pest risk analysis [FAO, 1995]

Identification (of a pest)

Identify the pest during inspection or testing of the imported cargo [FAO; 1990; revised CEPM, 1996]

Cargo

A quantity of plants, plant products and / or other articles being moved from one country to another and covered (if necessary) a single phytosanitary certificate (a consignment may be composed of one or more commodities or lots) [FAO, 1990; revised FAO, 1995; revised ICPM, 2001]

Wood

Product category indicating a round timber, lumber, wood chips or dunnage with or without bark [FAO, 1990; revised ICPM, 2001]

Wood-free crust

Wood from which all bark is removed, except for the cambium, ingrown bark around knots and bark depressions between the annual growth rings [ISPM № 15, 2002]

Wood packaging materials

Wood or wood products (excluding paper products) used in supporting, protecting or product packaging (including retaining timber) [ISPM № 15, 2002]

Infection (goods)

Presence in a commodity of a living organism harmful to plants or plant products. Infestation includes infection. [CEPM, 1997; revised CEPM, 1999]

Chamber drying

A process in which wood is dried in a closed room with the help of heat and / or humidity control to achieve the desired water content [ISPM № 15, 2002]

Quarantine pest

A pest of potential economic importance to the area endangered, in which he is absent or present, but a limited distributed and being officially controlled [FAO, 1990; revised FAO, 1995; IPPC, 1997]

dunnage

Wood is designed to protect or hardware product, but does not remain associated with the very commodity [FAO, 1990; revised ISPM № 15, 2002]

Marking

Internationally recognized as the official seal or stamp on the regulated articles, certifying its phytosanitary status [ISPM № 15, 2002]

Untreated wood

Wood has not passed the processing or treatment [ISPM № 15, 2002]

NPPOs

National Organization for Plant Protection Organization [FAO, 1995; ICPM, 2001]

Performing the shaping

Officially endorsed by the procedure for the destruction, inactivation or removal of pests, or for their sterilization or devitalization [FAO, 1990; revised FAO, 1995; ISPM № 15, 2002]

peeled

Removal of bark from round wood (debarking does not necessarily mean that the wood becomes free from the cortex) [FAO, 1990]

Official

Establishes or authorizes performed by the National Organization for Plant Protection Organization [FAO, 1990]

Recycled wood material

The product is composed of a timber by using glue, heat, pressure, or a combination of these techniques [ISPM № 15, 2002]

regulated article

Any plant, plant product, storage place, packaging, vehicle, container, soil and any other organism, object or material capable of harboring pests or contribute to their spread in relation to which is necessary to take phytosanitary measures, particularly in cases when it comes to international traffic [FAO, 1990; revised FAO, 1995; IPPC, 1997]

Vegetable products

Unmanufactured material of plant origin (including grain) and processed products, which by their nature or that of their processing, may create a risk for the introduction and spread of pests [FAO, 1990; revised IPPC, 1997]

Free from (about loads, field or place of production)

Without pests (or a specific pest) in quantities that can be detected with the use of phytosanitary procedures [FAO, 1990; revised FAO, 1995; CEPM, 1999]

Certificate

The official document describing the phytosanitary condition of the goods falling under phytosanitary regulations [FAO, 1990]

Heat treatment

The process by which the product is heated to achieve a minimum temperature for a minimum period of time in accordance with an officially recognized technical specification [ISPM № 15, 2002]

Product

Type of plants, plant products or other objects are moved to the commercial or other purpose [FAO, 1990; revised ICPM, 2001]

phytosanitary measure (Adopted by interpretation)

Legislation, regulation or official procedure having the purpose to prevent the introduction and / or spread of quarantine pests, or to limit the economic impact of regulated non-quarantine pests [FAO, 1995, revised IPPC, 1997; VKS, 2001]
The accepted interpretation of the term phytosanitary measure accounts for the relationship of phytosanitary measures to regulated non-quarantine pests. This relationship is not adequately reflected in the definition given in Article II IPPC (1997)

phytosanitary procedure

Officially prescribed method for implementing phytosanitary regulations, including inspection, testing, surveillance or treatments for regulated pests [FAO, 1990; revised FAO; 1995; CEPM, 1999; ICPM, 2001]

phytosanitary regulations

Official rule to prevent the introduction and / or spread of quarantine pests, or to limit the economic impact of regulated non-quarantine pests, in particular - the establishment of procedures for phytosanitary certification [FAO, 1990; revised FAO; 1995; CEPM, 1999; ICPM, 2001]

phytosanitary action

The official operation such as inspection, testing, surveillance or treatment, undertaken to implement phytosanitary regulations or procedures [ICPM, 2001)

Fumigation

chemical processing, reaching this product wholly or mainly in a gaseous state [FAO, 1990; revised FAO, 1995)

Chemical pressure impregnation

Processing of wood preservative chemicals under pressure in accordance with an official technical specification [ISPM № 15, 2002]

Emergency measure

Phytosanitary measure established an emergency (emergency) procedure in a new or unexpected phytosanitary situation. Emergency action may or may not be a provisional measure [ICPM, 2001, ICPM, 2005].

emergency action

Urgent phytosanitary action undertaken in a new or unexpected phytosanitary situation [ICPM, 2001]