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Customs clearance Tariff and nontariff regulation non-tariff restrictions

Non-tariff restrictions of foreign trade operations

non-tariff restrictions - A set of measures restrictive-prohibitive, preventing the penetration of foreign goods to domestic markets.

In international practice, the event on non-tariff restrictions are divided into five groups:

  1. It reflects the state's participation in foreign trade operations
  2. combines the customs and administrative import formalities, including customs valuation methods and determination of the country of origin of goods, shipping documents and forms to their design requirements, commodity classification tariffs
  3. It consists of standards and requirements relating to the safety standards for consumers and the environment, with the sanitary and veterinary standards, packaging and labeling of goods
  4. quantitative and exchange restrictions of imports and exports
  5. restrictions based on the principles of providing payments - import deposits, changes in interest rates, the border tax regime and moving charges.

The above activities are implemented by the financial impact and the use of tools of administrative regulation. 

Financial impacton the foreign trade operations through a system of different customs and trust fees, duties and taxes (other than customs), which are levied on the import of goods. The total amount of such charges greatly exceeds the amount of the customs tariffs, they do not have the form of a fixed rate, vary depending on the state of environment and economic policy.

This deprives the exporter's ability to predict future costs for registration of the goods in the importing country.

the financial impact of measures referred to para-tariffmeasures that are used in the regulation of foreign trade, exerting a significant influence and creating obstacles to the import flows.

Fixed charges, taxes and fees are combined character, increasing mainly the domestic price of imported goods, while the indicative assessment is not expected.

These include special internal taxes and variable import duties, anti-dumping and countervailing duties in relation to the specific goods importers and to compensate for benefits and subsidies to exporters, domestic producers, as well as border taxes and fees for the registration and movement of cargo across the border. 

Methods of administrative regulationImport - various quantitative and value restrictions aimed at reducing the volume or level of imports of certain goods from any source or restriction of their income from a particular vendor.

These methods include a variety of types of prohibitions, quoting, licensing, quantitative restrictions, requirements of customs authorities, technical standards and safety regulations, Voluntary self-limitation of supply, antidumping measures. 

Administrative toolsconsidered additional measures that are temporary in nature, the lack of effectiveness of economic levers. However, during the economic downturn and unbalanced economy, they are the main instruments of regulation of foreign trade relations with other countries used the states are very diverse.

The regulatory trade framework allows the use of the whole range of non-tariff barriers. However, not all of them actually used in Russia. The main category of non-tariff barriers remain in Russia quantitative restrictions (quotas) и licensing the import and export of certain goods.

Measures of non-tariff regulation also include export controls and participation in the implementation of international economic sanctions.