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The letter Rosselkhoznadzor number FS-S.-3 / 11490 from 24 2016 year in June

Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Supervision analyzed the situation with the supply of wood-packaging materials in the world.

According to information on interceptions of pests on the EU border, frequent importation of cases over the past several months and move the infected pine stem nematode (Bursaphelenchus xylophilus) wood-packaging material (code HS - 4415 (crates, boxes, packing cage or basket, drums and similar containers of wood; cable-drums of wood; pallets, box pallets and other load boards, wooden).

In connection with the foregoing, as well as in the framework of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin on July 29 2015 391, the number "On certain special economic measures used to ensure the security of the Russian Federation" all wood packaging material entering the Russian Federation shall be subject to quarantine phytosanitary control.

Provide the direction of all goods imported into the Russian Federation in the wooden packaging for quarantine phytosanitary control package Rosselkhoznadzor officials.

Deputy Head Yu.A.Shvabauskene


Explanation of the object of this letter.

Pine stem nematode Bursaphelenchus xylophilus

Pine stem nematode Bursaphelenchus xylophilus is the most harmful pathogens pose a threat to pine forests.
In the late 1980s, it was included in the lists of quarantine organisms in many countries of the world. Countries where this pathogen has spread have banned the import of properly untreated timber

The host plants of the nematode are virtually all coniferous species (Pinus, Picea, Abies, Cedrus, Larix, Chamaecyparis, Pseudotsuga). The homeland of this pathogen is North America, from where at the beginning of the XNUMXth century the organism was brought to Asia, where it gradually spread.

At present, the nematode is registered in the United States, Canada, Japan, China, Taiwan, South Korea and Mexico. Its life cycle is closely linked with black barbels genus Monochamus - natural inhabitants of conifer plantations that carry the nematodes from the patient to a healthy tree. Penetrating into the wood nematodes cause tissue destruction of the parenchyma cells, which is accompanied by violation of the water regime and leads to rapid death of the tree.

nematode was not found on the territory of Russia, but in the case of the introduction and spread of the possible direct and indirect annual cost of this pathogen, according to an expert assessment, may reach up to 47 112 billion. rubles.

The source of infection may be branches of Christmas trees, planting material and softwood, including wood waste (sawdust, chips, etc.), as well as wood packaging material.