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International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures ISPM №15


ispm 15

International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs) are prepared by the Secretariat of the International Plant Protection Convention as part of the global policy and technical assistance program of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations regarding plant quarantine. This program makes available to both FAO members and other interested parties these standards, guidelines and recommendations to harmonize phytosanitary measures at the international level in order to simplify trade and avoid the use of unjustified measures that would present barriers to trade.

The standards are for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM) are adopted by contracting parties to the IPPC, and by FAO Members that are not contracting parties, through the Interim Commission on Phytosanitary Measures. ISPMs are the standards, guidelines and recommendations recognized as the basis for phytosanitary measures applied by Members of the World Trade Organization under the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. Countries that are not contracting parties to the IPPC are encouraged to observe these standards

This standard was first adopted at the fourth session of the Interim Commission on Phytosanitary Measures in March 2002, entitled Guidelines for regulating wood packaging material in international trade.

Amendments to Annex 1 were adopted at the first session of the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures in April 2006 years. The first revision was adopted at the fourth session of the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures in March-April 2009 years as the present standard, ISPM 15: 2009 1.Peresmotrennaya version Apps mutatis mutandis in Annex 2 8 was adopted by-second session of the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures in April 2013 of

This standard describes phytosanitary measures that reduce the risk of introduction and spread of quarantine pests transported in international trade with wood packaging material made from untreated wood. Wood packaging material covered by this standard includes fastening wood, but does not include wooden containers made from wood, processed in such a way that it is free of pests (for example, plywood). The phytosanitary measures described in this standard are not intended for permanent protection against littering pests or other organisms.

It is known that harmful organisms associated with wood packaging material adversely affect forest health and biological diversity. It is assumed that the application of this standard will significantly reduce the spread of pests and, therefore, to mitigate their negative impact. Treatment with methyl bromide is included in this standard in the absence of alternative treatments available only in certain situations or not for all countries, or the absence of other suitable (non-woody) packaging materials. It is known that methyl bromide depletes the ozone layer. Therefore, the CPM Recommendation has been adopted Replacement or reduction of the use of methyl bromide as a phytosanitary measure (CPM, 2008). The search for alternative measures that have a more sparing impact on the environment continues.

Wood packaging materials from unprocessed wood represent a pathway for the introduction and spread of pests. Since the origin of wood packaging materials is often difficult to determine, the internationally accepted measures are described, which significantly reduce the risk of spreading pests. The NPPO is encouraged to accept wood packaging materials to which the approved measures have been applied, without additional requirements. Such wood packaging materials include fastening wood, but do not include recycled wood packaging materials.

The procedures for checking whether the measure has been applied endorsed by, including the use of an internationally recognized labeling, should be involved in both the exporting and the importing country. Other measures, which reached a two-way agreement, are also considered in this standard. If the wood packaging material does not meet the requirements of this standard, NPPOs may neutralize their approved manner.

Definitions of phytosanitary terms used in ISPM 15 standard can be read on the page (Glossary of phytosanitary terms).


At the national organizations for Plant Protection (NPPO) of exporting and importing countries have specific responsibilities. Processing and application of labeling should always be administered by the NPPO. NPPOs, authorizing the use of labeling, should oversee the conduct of treatments using labeling and its application of the relevant manufacturers or entities conducting processing (or, as a minimum, audit or analysis), as well as the need to establish the procedure of inspection or monitoring and auditing.

Special requirements apply to the repaired or converted wood packaging material. NPPOs of importing countries should consider approved phytosanitary measures as the basis for authorizing the import of wood packaging material without additional phytosanitary import requirements for wood packaging material and may also check upon importation whether it meets the requirements of this standard. If the wood packaging material does not meet the requirements of this standard, the NPPOs are also responsible for the measures taken and. As appropriate, for notification of non-compliance.

1. The basis of regulation
Wood, obtained from live trees or dead wood, can be contaminated with harmful organisms. Wood packaging material is often made from fresh wood that has not been processed or processed to remove or destroy pests, and therefore remains the pathway for the introduction and spread of quarantine pests. It has been proven that the particularly high risk of introductions and spread of quarantine pests is represented by fastening wood. Moreover, wood packaging material is very often used repeatedly, repaired or remodeled (as described in section 4.3).

It is difficult to determine the true origin of different parts of wood packaging material, which makes it difficult to establish their phytosanitary status. Therefore, with respect to wood packaging material, it is often not possible to routinely analyze phytosanitary risk in order to determine the need for phytosanitary measures and their volume. For this reason, this standard describes internationally accepted measures that can be applied to wood packaging material by all countries with a view to A significant reduction in the risk of introduction and spread of most quarantine pests that may be associated with this material

2. Adjustable wood packaging material
These guidelines apply to all forms of wood packaging material that may serve as through the spread of harmful organisms representing a risk mainly to living trees. This includes such wood packaging material, such as a crate, boxes, packing boxes, fixing drevesina1, pallets, cable drums and reels / spools, which can be in almost any imported consignment, including those that are not normally exposed to phytosanitary inspection.

2.1 Exceptions
The following materials are fairly low risk, and for this reason they are not covered by this standarta2:
- Wood packaging material is completely made of thin wood (no more 6 mm thick);
- Wood containers made entirely from recycled wood-based material, such as a multi-layer plywood, chipboard, oriented strand board or veneer, which was made using an adhesive, heat and pressure, or a combination of these techniques;
- Barrels for wine and spirits, which are heated during the manufacturing process;
- Gift boxes for wine, cigars and other commodities made from wood that has been processed and / or made in a manner that eliminates the possibility of contamination by harmful organisms;
- Sawdust, wood shavings and wood wool;
- Wooden structural elements, permanently attached to the trucks and containers.

3. Phytosanitary measures in relation to wood packaging material
This standard sets out phytosanitary measures (including treatment) that have been approved for wood packaging material and provides for the approval of new or revised treatments.

3.1 Approved phytosanitary measures
The approved phytosanitary measures described in this standard consist of phytosanitary procedures, including processing and labeling of wood packaging material. The use of labeling eliminates the need for the use of a phytosanitary certificate, since it indicates the use of internationally recognized phytosanitary measures. All NPPOs should consider these phytosanitary measures as the basis for allowing the import of wood packaging material without special additional requirements. Phytosanitary measures other than the approved measures described in this standard require technical justification.
The treatments described in 1 application considered reliably effective against most harmful to organisms living trees associated with wood packaging material used in international trade. These treatments are combined with the use of debarked wood in the manufacture of wood packaging, which also helps to reduce the likelihood of re-infection with harmful organisms for live trees. These measures were adopted on the basis of consideration:
- The spectrum of harmful organisms against which they are directed;
- The effectiveness of treatment;
- Technical and / or commercial feasibility.

There are three main steps in the production of approved wood packaging material (including fastening wood): processing, manufacturing and labeling. These actions can be performed by different performers or one performer can perform several or all of these actions. For ease of understanding, this standard is addressed to manufacturers (those who manufacture wood packaging material and can label on appropriately treated wood packaging material) and to those who conduct treatments (those who carry out approved treatments and can label the appropriately treated wood packaging material).

The wood packaging material subjected to these approved measures is designated by the official marking in accordance with Annex 2. This marking consists of a special symbol used together with the codes indicating the specific country, the responsible manufacturer or the organization that carried out the processing and the type of processing performed. Hereinafter, the totality of all components of such a designation is referred to as "marking". The internationally recognized marking, which is not tied to a specific language, facilitates the process of recognizing processed wood packaging material when viewed before export, at points of entry and elsewhere.

NPPOs should consider that the marking as specified in Annex 2, the basis for resolving the import of wood packaging material without further specific requirements.
For the manufacture of wood packaging material to be used peeled wood, held as one of the approved treatments specified in Annex 1. Tolerances for residues of crust are set out in Annex 1.

3.2 Approval of new or revised treatments
As new technical information becomes available, existing treatments can be revised and modified, and the CPM can approve new alternative treatments and / or wood packaging material (s). ISPM 28: 2007 provides guidance on the approval process for the IPPC processes. If any new treatment or revised scheme for the processing of wood packaging material is approved and included, the material already processed according to the conditions of the previously approved treatment and / or scheme will not need to be re-processed or re-marked.

3.3 Alternative bilateral agreements
In addition to the measures set out in Annex 1 NPPOs may recognize and other measures through bilateral agreements with trading partners. In such cases, the marking contained in Annex 2, should not be used unless all requirements of this standard.

4. The responsibility of the NPPO
In order to prevent the introduction and spread of pests, exporting and importing contracting parties and their NPPOs assume certain liabilities (as defined in Articles I, IV and VII of the IPPC). The following are specific obligations in connection with the application of this standard.

4.1 Regulatory Issues
Processing and labeling (and / or associated systems) should always be within the competence of the NPPO. NPPOs permitting the use of this marking are responsible for ensuring that all systems authorized and approved for the implementation of this standard comply with all necessary requirements set out in this standard, and that the wood packaging material (or wood from which it is intended to make wood Packaging material) having the marking has been processed and / or manufactured in accordance with this standard. The duties of the NPPO include:
- Authorization, registration and accreditation, as appropriate;
- Control of the processing systems and labeling carried out to verify compliance (further information regarding related responsibilities is provided in ISPM 7: 1997);
- Inspection, establishing verification procedures and, where appropriate, the audit (for more information refer to ISPM 23: 2005).
The NPPO should supervise (or, as a minimum, audit or analysis) for carrying out treatments, as well as to give, where appropriate, authorize the use and allocation of the mark. Processing should be carried out prior to the marking in order to prevent marking presence in poorly or incorrectly treated wood packaging material.

4.2 application and use of marking 
Installed kinds of markings applied to wood packaging material treated in accordance with this standard shall comply with the requirements set out in Annex 2.

4.3 requirements for processing and labeling for the recycled, refurbished or converted wood packaging material
NPPOs of countries where wood packaging material bearing the mark described in Annex 2, repaired or altered, are responsible for ensuring full compliance with this standard systems related to export of such wood packaging material, as well as for monitoring compliance.

4.3.1 Reuse of wood packaging material
A unit of wood packaging material treated and marked in accordance with this standard, which has not been repaired, do not alter or otherwise altered does not require re-treatment or marking throughout the useful life of the unit.

4.3.2 Renovated wood packaging material
Repaired wood packaging material is considered to be a wood packaging material in which up to one third of the elements have been removed and replaced. In the event that the marked wood packaging material is to be repaired, the NPPO should ensure that only wood treated in accordance with this standard or wood products made from treated wood is used for this repair (see section 2.1). If the treated wood is used for repair, each added element must be marked separately in accordance with this standard.

The presence on wood packaging material, several markings, can create problems in determining the origin of this wood packaging material if it detects pests. It is recommended that the NPPOs of countries where the wood packaging material is repaired limit the number of different markings that may appear on one unit of wood packaging material. In this regard, the NPPOs of countries where wood packaging material is being repaired may require that the repaired wood packaging material has been erased prior to marking, the unit has been re-processed in accordance with annex 1, and then marked in accordance with annex 2. If methyl bromide is used for re-treatment, the information contained in the CPM Recommendation should be taken into account Replacement or reduction of methyl bromide use as a phytosanitary measure (CPM, 2008).

If there is any doubt that all elements of a repaired wood packaging unit have been processed in accordance with this standard, or the origin of this unit of wood packaging material or its components is difficult to establish, the NPPOs of countries where wood packaging material is being repaired should require that this repaired The wood packaging material has been re-processed, destroyed or otherwise not allowed to move in international trade as a ve wood packaging material according to the present standard. In the case of re-treatment, all previously marked markings must be permanently destroyed (for example, by painting or removing). After re-treatment, the marking must be repainted in accordance with this standard.

4.3.3 Converted wood packaging material
If replaced by more than one third element unit of wood packaging material, this unit is considered to be reworked. During this process, the various elements (extra alteration if necessary) may be combined and then re-assembled into the wood packaging material for its future use. Converted wood packaging material may result include both new and previously used components.
Any previously marking must be permanently destroyed in the converted wood packaging material (for example, by painting or removal). Converted wood packaging material to be reprocessed, after which labeling should be applied anew in accordance with this standard.

4.4 Transit
If the goods in transit, contain wood packaging material does not meet the requirements of this standard, NPPOs of the transit countries have the right to require the application of measures designed to ensure that no unacceptable risks from this wood packaging material. More detailed guidance on the organization of transit are listed in ISPM 25: 2006.

4.5 procedures at import
Since wood packaging materials are present in most shipments of goods, including those that are not themselves normally subject to phytosanitary control, it is important for the NPPO to cooperate with organizations that are not usually involved in verifying compliance with phytosanitary import requirements. For example, cooperation with customs services and other interested agencies and organizations will help the NPPO to obtain information on the availability of wood packaging material. This is important in order to effectively identify possible inconsistencies in wood packaging material with the requirements of this standard.

4.6 Phytosanitary measures to the point of entry for non-compliance requirements
Relevant information regarding the non-compliance and emergency action is contained in sections on 20 ISPM: ISPM 2004 and 13: 2001. Taking into account the frequent re-use of wood packaging material, NPPOs should take into account that revealed a discrepancy may occur soon in the country of production, repair or alteration than in the exporting country or the transit country.

In the event that the wood packaging material does not have the required marking or the identification of pests indicates a possible ineffectiveness of the treatment, the NPPO should respond appropriately and, if necessary, an emergency action may be taken. Such an action can be a delay in the cargo when clarifying the situation, then, if necessary, removing inappropriate material, processing 3, destruction (or other reliable disposal) or transshipment. For more examples of acceptable options, see Appendix 1. With respect to any emergency action taken, the principle of minimum impact must be observed, and the consignment itself should be distinguished from the accompanying batch of wood packaging material. In addition, if emergency action is required and the NPPO uses methyl bromide, the relevant aspects of the CPM Recommendation should be met Replace or reduce the use of methyl bromide as a phytosanitary measure (CPM, 2008).

In cases of detection of living pests, the NPPO of the importing country should notify the exporting country accordingly, or, if possible, the country of manufacture. Where a unit of wood packaging material has more than one marking, the NPPO should attempt to determine the origin of the non-conforming parts before the notification of non-compliance is sent. It is also welcomed to send the NPPO notifications in the absence of marking and other inconsistencies. Taking into account the provisions of section 4.3.2, it should be noted that the presence of multiple markings on one unit of wood packaging material is not a non-fulfillment of requirements.