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Types of certificates and declarations

Certificate of origin

This document clearly indicating the country of origin of goods and issued by the state - exporter, authorized in accordance with national legislation. Usually, it is necessary for the customs authorities of the importing country for tariff regulation Ammunition capacity of goods, obtaining preferential tariffs, duty-free importation, exemption from additional taxes. 

Certificates of origin issued by the Chamber of Commerce of the State in which the product is produced. The certificate of origin is not a binding document; in its absence, customs clearance is carried out in the usual way, but the benefits for the import duty on imported goods are not available. 

Product safety certificate or a certificate of conformity (GOST-R)

This certificate is also known by the names - mandatory certificate и certificate Rostest.

This certificate is required to provide the customs authorities during customs clearance of imported goods on the basis of the RF Law "On Protection of Consumers' Rights. The normative acts of the State Customs Committee and State Standard approved a list of products that require certification.

 Certificate receives Russian person on the party goods entering the concluded foreign trade contract. The certificate of conformity issued by the competent authority for this purpose after the tests for each type of product requiring certification. The security certificate may be issued on the basis of hygienic conclusion Gosepidnadzora organs that produce laboratory testing product samples.   

 Since 01.01.2004 during customs clearance of goods subject to mandatory certification when importing to the customs clearance is received a copy of the certificate of conformity certified participant of foreign economic activity only in the presence of an original or properly certified copy (a copy can be notarized, the authority which issued the certificate or consular institution of the Russian Federation).

Conditional release of goods without providing a certificate of conformity (with the subsequent granting of a certificate of conformity) is carried out only in consultation with the Department of tariff and non-tariff regulation (MDTNR) SCC of Russia. Until not set the procedure for approval, for the approval of the State Customs Committee of Russia MDTNR should apply to OTNR customs. Quarantine certificate.

Declaration of conformity

Declaration of conformity is a document in which the manufacturer certifies that the products supplied by him meet the requirements of regulatory documents. The declaration procedure practically does not differ from product certification, the only difference is the forms on which these documents are drawn up. The certificate of conformity is drawn up on a standard form, but for the declaration of conformity, a specific form of the form is not established.

The legislative acts of the Russian Federation established the nomenclature, which conformity can be confirmed by the declaration of conformity "That is, if one or the other product is reflected in the nomenclature, the requirement is the design of the declaration of conformity for the registration of the declaration of conformity grounds are the following documents..:

  • laboratory test report
  • in some cases, it is additionally necessary to issue a sanitary and epidemiological conclusion.

Information that should be reflected in the declaration of conformity:

  • the name and address of the manufacturer
  • name of regulatory documents (GOST) for compliance with which is confirmed by production
  • number of laboratory test report
  • the validity of the declaration of conformity

Accredited Certification Authority, which registered conformity declaration assigns the registration number of the declaration, which contains the code of the certification body and the serial number of the declaration of conformity itself. Declaration of Conformity is valid on a par with the certificate of conformity and is valid on the entire territory of the Russian Federation.

Quarantine certificate

Quarantine certificate is needed to confirm the absence of various diseases on a number of products with vegetable or animal origin. When importing such goods into the territory of Russia their uninfected control the border points of veterinary and phytosanitary control, and then issued a quarantine certificate. When exporting goods of plant and animal origin issue internal bodies authorized to control the quality of exported goods. 

Veterinary certificate 

Veterinary control is an integral part of sanitary and epidemiological surveillance, which is carried out at checkpoints goods across the border of the Russian Federation to protect Russian territory from the introduction and spread of dangerous infectious diseases of humans, animals and plants, as well as toxic substances.  

The aim of veterinary control is to prevent the importation into the territory of the Russian Federation especially dangerous animal diseases, diseases common to humans and animals, as well as goods, disadvantaged in relation to the veterinary.  

Importation into the territory of the Russian Federation and animal products subject to veterinary inspection, carried out only in the presence of an international veterinary certificate. Veterinary certificate - an international veterinary standard document issued on live animals, animal products and other goods subject to veterinary inspection by the official veterinarian of the country.  

For the purposes of customs clearance is received a copy (photocopy) of the veterinary certificate, which together with the first copy of FCD stored in the customs authority. With the release of the goods customs inspector put down in the graph GTE 44 6 numbered certificate number, date of issue and the name of the issuing authority. Original veterinary certificate is returned to the exporter.

Hygiene Certificate Sanitary-Epidemiological Conclusion

Issued authorities Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance, after the examination of production (production conditions, TU) based on the test report and presented documents. On the reverse side of the prescribed hygienic characteristics of the product resulting from the test.  

The validity of the sanitary-epidemiological conclusion of the 1 5 months to years (depending on the type of product, from the submitted documents, test results, the expert conducting the certification decision). Hygiene certificate is required to obtain a security certificate.

Rejection letter VNIIS

Rejection letter VNIIS - An official document issued by the certification body, which states that the products are not subject to mandatory certification or refers to the product group, compliance with which can be confirmed by the declaration of conformity. Issued a letter on letterhead body that issued it, shall be certified by the official stamp.

A letter of exemption is required in cases where, for example, it is not entirely obvious by which OKP or TN VED code can be used to classify products. And, in turn, the question arises, is it necessary to certify products or not? This question often arises from representatives of regulatory authorities (Customs and various inspection organizations from supervising agencies).

Refusal letters are of two types, they differ only address

  1. For customs - To the Head of the State Customs Committee (SCC), yet here also introduced information about the contract on which the imported products, there are no other differences.
  2. For trade - A letter sent to the address of the applicant (the director of the company or individual entrepreneurs who applied for the letter).