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Customs-tariff regulation of foreign trade operations

Тamozhenno-tariff  regulation It suggests Valuation effects on export and import flows in the process of crossing the state borders.

Tariff regulation determines the procedure and methodology of customs duties of goods, types of tariffs and duties, reasons for establishment and collection of customs duties, the customs regime of exemptions, as well as a set of actions that relate to the subjects of foreign economic activity in export-import operations.

Customs tariff regulation GATT considered as the basic mechanism of regulation of foreign trade of the participating countries. Through the activities of international organizations and associations of tariff regulation in most countries the national systems have a lot in common, based on common principles and standards, which greatly facilitates the process of international trade.

The Russian state regulation of foreign trade using all common in the world practice methods and tools customs and tariff regulation. The main element of the tariff regulation mechanism is customs tariffWhich is a systematic list of rates that determine the size of the board for the import and export goods, ie customs duties. 

Functions of customs tariff:

  1. Protectionism - protecting domestic products from foreign competition
  2. Fisk - the completion of the state budget.

Of particular importance is the fiscal function, since the customs duties in Russia are one of the most important articles of the revenue side of the federal budget.

With rates can affect the formation of an active foreign trade balance, the increase in foreign exchange inflows, as well as on the development of certain regions of the country. tariff regulation functions are implemented in close relationship with the tax system, which partially takes over the tariff item and complements it.

Customs Tariff in its content is economic in nature, which is given preference in a market economy, involving the establishment of an objective ratio of domestic and world prices, the real exchange rate. In the context of scarce economy of the customs tariff is losing its effectiveness and is replaced by more stringent non-tariff methods.

In Russia there are:

Import (import) tariff and import (import) duties 

The current tariff was approved by the RF Government on February 22 2000 148, the number «On Customs Tariff of the Russian Federation - the arch of the rates of import customs duties and commodity nomenclature applied in the implementation of foreign economic activity" (from amendment and dop on February 26 2002, the.. ).

The size of the import duties charged depends on the country of origin and on the trade regime granted by a country.

Foreign trade regime established on the basis of bilateral trade treaties and agreements.

Basic import duty rate applied to the countries which have signed trade agreements and agreements providing for MFN.

Russia offered the UN lists of preferences to developing countries in levying duties (duties reduced size) and the Least Developed Countries (duty-free import of goods).

Goods from countries with which there is no trade agreements, duty-free in the double size. 

The export (export) duties 

When levying export duties prevail specific duties, calculated in euro per unit. Export duties in Russia are associated with the following circumstances:

  • A completion of the revenue side of the budget;
  • Protection of the domestic market, where the ruble prices for many exports are much lower than international prices in a freely convertible currency.

Export duties apply to all foreign trade partners.